Migraine is a headache that usually involves half of your brain. This kind of headache is so intense and long such as four hours, that can disturb a person’s daily life. Food, anxiety and abnormal changes can exacerbate this headache.
- Signs and symptoms.
- What is the cause of it?
- Light reflection
- Lack of food and sleep
- Help or stop
- Who gets it?
- Migraine in children
- Diagnosis of migraine
- Treatment: triptans
- Treatment: Ergotamine
Signs and symptoms of migraine
One of the clear symptoms of a headache is the pain in the eyes, forehead and feet . In fact migraine makes the person more sensitive to light, sound and motions. When a person gets headache, he will start getting nauseous and vomit. Pain can make people’s daily activities a serious problem. The person’s mood will be changed before he starts headache. Most people who are struggling with migraine headache yawn and feel tired and angry.
What is the cause of migraine?
The main source of this headache is unknown. But experts believe that chemicals, blood vessels and nerves in brain are the cause of such headaches.
Some people’s headache is exacerbated by various causes, including light reflection. Reflection of light can be created by snow or water that is pinned on the floor or a television and movie screen. It’s essential to avoid sunglasses throughout the day or at night to prevent the reflection of light.
Anxiety is one of the main causes of this headache. Through avoiding general anxiety is not possible. The best way to maintain relaxation is to exercise relaxation techniques. Quietly breathe outdoors and reduce your anxiety and feelings by thinking of calming thoughts and music.
Lack of food and sleep
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People who suffer from headaches should follow a diet and a proper sleep. Reducing or increasing blood glucose levels hungry and overweight are the main causes of it. Drinking at least eight glasses of water per day and having seven hours of sleep at night helps to reduce such headache.
The tyramine is a substance that is produced by the amino acid splitting of tyrosine in food. This substance is likely to cause dilation of blood vessels which is one of the main causes of this headache. Some experts recommended avoiding some foods such as cheese, soy sauce and sausages.
Help or stop
The combination of analgesia and caffeine can help to reduce headaches. Most people who suffers from such headaches drink one or two cups of tea or coffee a day. However, over consumption of caffeine can also exacerbate headaches.
Who gets migraine?
Women get headaches three times more than men. If one of your relatives suffers from migraine so it will affect you too. Experts believe that migraine is a result of genetic mutation in the brain , as a result This kind of headache occurs in people who suffer from depression, anxiety asthma, stroke complication and inherited neuropathy.
Migraine in children
About 5% of children whom are having headaches get migraine. Girls get the same headache more than boys. Children may have symptoms of headache such as stomach pain, nausea and vomiting. If a child’s legs are shaking, screams and his face is pale, he may have headache, which is called benign dizziness.
Diagnosis of migraine
Firstly, they diagnose the migraine with signs and symptoms that appear, but your doctor may look at other causes of headache such as tumor or bleeding by taking pictures. x-ray can be taken from the brain in recent years, doctors are able to get colorful and accurate images from the brain through MRI.
Treatment: pain medication
Combining and taking analgesic and inflammatory drugs, such as aspirin, naproxen, ibuprofen and acetaminophen can help to control the headache. However, excessive use of medications may exacerbate the headache and will cause digestive problems.
Triptans, drugs prescribed for the treatment of migraine, are effective when they are used at an early stages of a headache. Commonly used Triptans are; triplex, zooming, Ferro…
people with high blood pressure, heart patients, people who have stroke, and … should avoid taking triptans.
If your headache doesn’t slow down after taking triptans, your doctor will likely prescribe medications such as a Dihydroergotamine or Ergotamine as pills, ampoules or respiratory suppositories. These medications will strain blood vessels and have side effects such as muscle aches, nausea, dizziness. In fact these types of drugs do not affect the size of Triptans and can contract the effects of other drugs.
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